Most awaited New National Education Policy is declared by the Ministry of Human Resource Development of India on 29th July 2020. Existing Indian Education System has to change now. This policy works under ministry of education.
What is New National Education Policy (NEP):
|Policy Name||National Education Policy (NEP)|
|Approved Date||29th July 2020|
|Launched by||Central Government of India|
|Works Under||Ministry Of Education|
|Objective||Education System Reform|
National Education Policy (NEP) is the New Education Policy in the Indian Education System.
It shares ideas to renovate Education, Teaching and assessment systems in schools and colleges.
In June 2017, ‘Committee for the Draft National Education Policy’ was constituted under chairmanship of Padma Vibhushan Dr. K Kasturirangan.
It was submitted to MHRD on 31st May 2019.
The National Education Policy was approved by the Union Cabinet under PM Narendra Modi on 29th July 2020.
Karnataka is the First state who implemented NEP.
National Education Policy Highlights:
- 10+2 pattern replaced with New 5+3+3+4 pattern.
- Importance to Foundational literacy and numeracy.
- NEP promotes multilingualism in School and Higher Education.
- Foundational stage teaching in Mother Language/Local language.
- Gross Enrollment Ratio to be raised 100% in school education upto year 2030.
- Choice of subjects by students for Higher Education.
- Multiple Entry and Exit allowed with proper certification and credits.
- For transfer of credits, Academic Bank of Credit to be established.
- For better and strong research, National Research Foundation to be established.
- Affiliation system to be forced out in the 15 years for grading colleges.
- It increases use of technology with equity.
- Assement of 360 degree Holistic Progress card which track learning.
History of Indian Education System:
- Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay introduced Western Education system in India.
- The current 10+2 structure was applied from 1966.
- Existing Education System is 34 year old.
- In 1985, PM Rajiv Gandhi Government announced the Education Policy which Promoted Privatization. Then, modified it in 1992.
- The Ministry of Education was renamed as the Ministry of Human Resource Development.
- Narsimha Rao are the First HRD Minister of India.
- In 1986, the Education Policy was announced.
- Also, schemes like Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, National Mid-Day Meal scheme are supported by the Indian Education system.
National Education Policy 2021 in Detail:
Here, All key points are included in NEP 2021.
School Education :
What is 5+3+3+4 pattern?
- Foundational (5 Years) :
- 3 Years of Age 3-6
- 2 Years of Age 6-8 means Class 1 & 2
- Preparatory (3 Years) : Class 3 to 5 of Age 8-11
- Middle (3 Years) : Class 6 to 8 of Age 11-14
- Secondary (4 Years) : Class 9 to 12 of Age 14-18
- Previous 10+2 pattern is now structured as 5+3+3+4 pattern.
- Existing 10+2 pattern covers 6 to 18 Age, but now the 5+3+3+4 pattern will cover 3 to 18 Age in the New Education System.
- Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) is included for overall brain development and growth of childrens.
- It consists of multi level, play based, flexible and No exam learning.
- NCERT developed National Curricular and Pedagogical Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education (NCPFECCE) for up to Age 8 childrens.
- ECCE institutions will include Anganwadis, Pre-primary schools, primary schools and Pre schools.
- Teachers of Anganwadis who 10+2 qualified require a 6 month certificate and those who qualified lower education will have to complete a 1 year Diploma programme.
- Vocational Education will start from Class 6 based on their interest.
- Class 10 and 12 Board continued, but they will have low stakes.
- If students want to improve their score, they will get a second chance.
- Students can choose subjects and levels.
- Co-curriculum and vocational subjects will be treated at the same level.
- Scores are self evaluated and also reviewed by classmates and teachers.
Higher Education :
- Higher Education Commission of India (HEI) is a broad umbrella body for the education system excluding medical and legal education.
- This system includes the multidisciplinary colleges and universities.
- Under these, atleast of one University in District or near every District must have.
- Research Foundations are established for Research.
- Graduation program is for 4 Years.
- Certificate : 1 Year
- Advance Diploma : 2 Year
- Bachelor Degree : 3 Year
- Bachelor Degree with Research : 4 Year
- Academic credit bank can be counted toward the final degree.
- HEI provides a medium of instruction in local and regional languages for learning.
- The National Testing Agency (NTA) will conduct the Common Entrance Exam (CEE) for the admission of students in Universities.
- It’ll be conducted twice in every year.
- MPhil is discarded from the Education System. MPhil is a middle research program between Master and PhD.
- Top 100 Foreign Institutions will be permitted to open their campus in India.
- These New Education Policy (NEP) focused on Mother Languages as a medium of instruction.
- Students are multilingual, they have cognitive benefits.
- The ‘Three Language Formula’ will continue,but two or three languages must be mother, regional or local languages.
- Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation (IITI) and National institutes for Pali, Persian and Prakrit will be set up.
- Teachers play an essential role in Education system.
- Teachers will be trained for these Education Policy under DIKSHA programme.
- Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) is continuing. It includes better test material like content and pedagogy.
- TET extended to cover across all stages.
- Teacher hiring is a Live demonstration of teaching.
- By 2030, Teaching qualified of 4 Years with integrated B.Ed
- National Educational Technology Forum (NETF) will be established to provide use of technology in education.
- Digital and Online Education is included in the NEP.
- Open and Distance learning included.
- Subjects like Robotics and Computer coding are added as vocational subjects in School Education.
- Current expenditure on Education is around 3% of GDP.
- According to NEP, it will be 6% of GDP.
- Government set these targets to achieve before 2040.
- Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) renamed as Ministry of Education (MoE).
Target for the Gross Enrollment Ratio for 2035 :
- School Education is 100% (Current 56.5% for class 1 to 12)
- Higher Education is 50% (Current 26.3%)
Official Draft of NEP 2019: Click Here: Click Here
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ’s)
Main aim of NEP 2020 is to achieve 100% Gross Enrollment Ratio in school education upto 2030.
Dr K Kasturirangan is the chairman of NEP 2020.
Padma Vibhushan, Dr K Kasturirangan was the Chairman of the Committee for Draft National Education Policy. He is a scientist in the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) for 9 years.
Full form of NEP is National Education Policy.
From academic year 2022-23, National Education Policy 2020 will be implemented.